KYOTO "AN URBAN HISTORY OF JAPAN'S PREMODERN CAPITAL (SPATIAL HABITUS: MAKING AND MEANING IN ASIA'S ARCHITECTUR"

por AA. VV.

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI'I PRESS

KYOTO "AN URBAN HISTORY OF JAPAN'S PREMODERN CAPITAL (SPATIAL HABITUS: MAKING AND MEANING IN ASIA'S ARCHITECTUR"

ISBN: 978-0-8248-6788-1
Fecha de la edición: 2017
Colección:
Encuadernación: RUSTICA
Nº Pág.: 256

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Resumen del libro

Kyoto was Japans political and cultural capital for more than a millennium before the dawn of the modern era. Until about the fifteenth century, it was also among the worlds largest cities and, as the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, it was a place where the political, artistic, and religious currents of Asia coalesced and flourished. Despite these and many other traits that make Kyoto a place of both Japanese and world historical significance, the physical appearance of the premodern city remains largely unknown. Through a synthesis of textual, pictorial, and archeological sources, this work attempts to shed light on Kyotos premodern urban landscape with the aim of opening up new ways of thinking about key aspects of premodern Japanese history.

The book begins with an examination of Kyotos highly idealized urban plan (adapted from Chinese models in the eighth century) and the reasons behind its eventual failure. The formation of the suburbs of Kamigyo and Shimogyo is compared to the creation of large exurban temple-palace complexes by retired emperors from the late eleventh century. Each, it is argued, was a material manifestation of the advancement of privatized power that inspired a medieval discourse aimed at excluding 'outsiders.' By examining this discourse, a case is made that medieval power holders, despite growing autonomy, continued to see the emperor and classical state system as the ultimate sources of political legitimacy. This sentiment was shared by the leaders of the Ashikaga shogunate, who established their headquarters in Kyoto in 1336. The narrative examines how these warrior leaders interacted with the capitals urban landscape, revealing a surprising degree of deference to classical building protocols and urban codes. Remaining chapters look at the dramatic changes that took place during the Age of Warring States (1467-1580s) and Kyotos postwar revitalization under the leadership of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Nobunagas construction of Nijo Castle in 1569 transformed Kyotos fundamental character and, as Japans first castle town, it set an example soon replicated throughout the archipelago. In closing, the book explores how Hideyoshi?like so many before him, yet with much greater zeal?used monumentalism to co-opt and leverage the authority of Kyotos traditional institutions. publiarq.com



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